Supported Research

Academy Title:Efficacy of Kinesthesia, Balance & Agility Exercise Training as Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Study
Efficacy of Kinesthesia, Balance & Agility Exercise Training as Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Study

Matthew W. Rogers

The Arthritis Research Institute of America

Kinesthesia, balance, and agility (KBA) exercises are commonly employed in the treatment of unstable knees due to ligament injuries, especially among athletes. Increasingly, similar KBA techniques are used by therapists and fitness trainers as treatment among older persons with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Anecdotal reports, a published case study, and a small clinical trial have shown positive effects. KBA training shows great promise as a treatment option for symptomatic knee OA patients, but controlled clinical trials are needed to verify the results reported from the field. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of KBA vs. traditional strength training among persons with knee OA. The results will be used to verify testing and training protocols and support a planned larger clinical trial. METHODS: Two groups will train 3 days per week in a group setting with an ACSM certified fitness trainer. A KBA group will utilize Thera-Band® stability trainers for various balance and agility exercises, along with various other walking based exercises. A strength group will use Thera-Band® resistance bands, body weight, and cuff weights for resistance. Pre and post-test measures of ADL tasks (get up and go walk; stair climbing/descending); quad and hamstring strength & endurance (BTE Primus); gait quality (GAITrite/EMG); and self-reports of OA symptoms (WOMAC), self-efficacy for exercise (SEE scale), and physical activity levels (Human Activity Profile) are the outcome measures.

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